Labour markets are in constant change; demands for a higher skilled and flexible workforce are paramount; employability, entrepreneurship and digital skills are pre-requisites to those seeking to enter the labour market. In several European member states, participation rates in Vocational Education and Training are significant but have the potential to grow more. According to EU research (CEDEFOP 2015) the EU average participation of young people who follow an IVET pathway compared to the more traditional ‘academic’ pathway into employment or Higher Education is 50.4%, with some member states being over 70% In others rates are relatively low. What makes the difference – How has the academic / VET divide been addressed? All questions that will be asked during EfVET Annual International Conference 2015 that will take place in Paphos, Cyprus at Azia Hotel, on 21-24 October 2015.