EUCIS-LLL organised an international conference on the autonomy of European universities during the European Education Fair held in Paris, on 23 November 2007. This conference was facilitated by our secretary general, Michel FEUTRIE, who is also president of the European University Continuing Education Network of contuining (EUCEN). It gathered around 150 persons to discuss about higher education reform in France in a European context. This case study led participants to discuss the ultimate goals of such reforms. Is an increased autonomy a treat to equity? Will it really enable universities to deliver higher quality curriculum?